The city is 80 km east of Agadir (and 60 km east of Agadir Al Massira International Airport via the national Express road P1714), and approximately 250 km southwest of Marrakech , along the wadi (or assif) Souss.
Taroudant is located in the heart of the Souss valley and is bounded by the provinces of Essaouira, Chichaoua and Al Haouz to the north, the province of Ouarzazate to the east, the provinces of Tata and Tiznit to the south and the province of Chtouka Ait Baha and the prefectures of Agadir Ida Ou Tanane and Inzegane Ait Melloul to the west. and extends over an area of 16,500 km², surrounded by two mountain ranges, the High Atlas to the north and east, the Anti-Atlas to the south and west, a plain opening onto the 'Atlantic. This fertile valley is crossed by the Souss wadi which runs alongside the city. The province of Taroudannt has on its territory the highest mountain in North Africa, Mount Toubkal, in Arabic Jebel Toubkal, which peaks at 4,167 meters.